Archives of Critical Care Medicine

Published by: Kowsar

The Effect of Upper Limb Elevation on Limb Edema and Central Venous Pressure in ICU Patients

Mehdi Ahmadinejad 1 , Faezeh Heravi 2 , Mansooreh Aziz Zadeh 3 , * and Yoones Jahani 4
Authors Information
1 Department of Anesthesiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
2 Department of Nursing, Razi School of Nursing and Midwifery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
3 Neuroscience Research Center, Faculty of Internal Diseases and Surgery, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
4 Department of Statistics and Epidemiology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Critical Care Medicine: May 28, 2015, 1 (2); e517
  • Published Online: May 30, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: September 10, 2014
  • Revised: October 11, 2014
  • Accepted: October 20, 2014
  • DOI: 10.17795/accm-517

To Cite: Ahmadinejad M, Heravi F, Aziz Zadeh M, Jahani Y. The Effect of Upper Limb Elevation on Limb Edema and Central Venous Pressure in ICU Patients, Arch Crit Care Med. 2015 ; 1(2):e517. doi: 10.17795/accm-517.

Copyright © 2015, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Siences.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
  • 1. Villeco JP. Edema: a silent but important factor. J Hand Ther. 2012; 25(2): 153-61[DOI][PubMed]
  • 2. Urden LD, Stacy KM, Lough ME. Thelan's critical care nursing diagnosis and management. 2010;
  • 3. Burton D, Rose BD. Pathophysiology and etiology of edema-II. 2000;
  • 4. Lotfi MT. [Lymphedema]. Q J Breast Disease. 2008; 1: 50-3
  • 5. Black JM, Hawks J. Text Book of Medical Surgical Nursing. 2009;
  • 6. Vasudevan SV, Melvin JL. Upper extremity edema control: rationale of the techniques. Am J Occup Ther. 1979; 33(8): 520-3[PubMed]
  • 7. Mader K, Kirchner S, Wolfgarten B, Pennig D. Efficacy of the AV Impulse System versus cryotherapy in the reduction of postoperative oedema of the hand: a prospective randomised trial. Strategies Trauma Limb Reconstr. 2006; 1(1): 36-41[DOI]
  • 8. Giudice ML. Effects of continuous passive motion and elevation on hand edema. Am J Occup Ther. 1990; 44(10): 914-21[PubMed]
  • 9. Nemeth AJ, Falanga V, Alstadt SP, Eaglstein WH. Ulcerated edematous limbs: effect of edema removal on transcutaneous oxygen measurements. J Am Acad Dermatol. 1989; 20(2 Pt 1): 191-7[PubMed]
  • 10. Krouskop TA, Reddy NP, Spencer WA, Secor JW. Mechanisms of decubitus ulcer formation--an hypothesis. Med Hypotheses. 1978; 4(1): 37-9[PubMed]
  • 11. Kawasaki T, Uemura T, Matsuo K, Masumoto K, Harada Y, Chuman T, et al. The effect of different positions on lower limbs skin perfusion pressure. Indian J Plast Surg. 2013; 46(3): 508-12[DOI][PubMed]
  • 12. Tsang KK, Hertel J, Denegar CR. Volume Decreases After Elevation and Intermittent Compression of Postacute Ankle Sprains Are Negated by Gravity-Dependent Positioning. J Athl Train. 2003; 38(4): 320-4[PubMed]
  • 13. Fagan DJ, Evans A, Ghandour A, Prabhkaran P, Clay NR. A controlled clinical trial of postoperative hand elevation at home following day-case surgery. J Hand Surg Br. 2004; 29(5): 458-60[DOI][PubMed]
  • 14. Boland RA, Adams RD. The effects of arm elevation and overnight head-up tilt on forearm and hand volume. J Hand Ther. 1998; 11(3): 180-90[PubMed]
  • 15. Baker RP, Field J, Gozzard C, Wyatt MC, Robertson Y. Does postoperative hand elevation reduce swelling? A randomized study. J Hand Surg Eur Vol. 2010; 35(3): 192-4[DOI][PubMed]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments