Archives of Critical Care Medicine

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Intravenous Patient-Controlled Morphine and Intrathecal Morphine Analgesia After Tibial Fracture Surgery Under Spinal Anesthesia

Hamid Kayalha 1 , Alireza Jahangirifard 2 , Abolghasem Ahmadvand 1 and Siamak Yaghoubi 1 , 3 , *
Authors Information
1 Velayat Clinical Research Development Unit, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
2 Tracheal Diseases Research Center, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases (NRITLD), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Department of Surgery, Shahid Rajaei Hospital, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, IR Iran
Article information
  • Archives of Critical Care Medicine: May 28, 2015, 1 (2); e3879
  • Published Online: May 30, 2015
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: March 1, 2015
  • Accepted: May 10, 2015
  • DOI: 10.17795/accm-3879

To Cite: Kayalha H, Jahangirifard A, Ahmadvand A, Yaghoubi S. Intravenous Patient-Controlled Morphine and Intrathecal Morphine Analgesia After Tibial Fracture Surgery Under Spinal Anesthesia, Arch Crit Care Med. 2015 ; 1(2):e3879. doi: 10.17795/accm-3879.

Copyright © 2015, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Objectives
3. Patients and Methods
4. Results
5. Discussion
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